Advanced CSS selectors for Complicated Styling

Advanced CSS selectors for Complicated Styling

On a webpage, specific HTML elements can be chosen and styled using CSS selectors. Several advanced selectors are available that can help you design elements in more complicated ways, even though fundamental CSS selectors like element selectors, class selectors, and ID selectors are frequently utilized.

In this article, you'll explore a few of the most effective sophisticated CSS selectors for intricate customization.

Attribute Selectors

Elements can be chosen depending on the values of their attributes using attribute selectors; This can be helpful if you want to design elements with particular attributes, such as links with a particular href value or designing forms without class or ID.

It follows this format [attribute=value] { /* styles */ }.

For instance, the following would be used to select all links having the href value "" or for designing forms without class or ID:

/* select all links having the href value */
a[href=""] {
    text-decoration: none;

/* designing forms without class or ID */
input[type="text"] {
  width: 120px;
  display: block;
  margin-bottom: 10px;


Pseudo-classes are used to choose items according to their current state, such as when they are clicked or hovered over. After the selector, add a colon and the name of the pseudo-class to utilize it. The pseudo-classes :hover, :active, :focus, and :visited are a few prevalent ones.

An instance is below:

/* focused link */
a:focus {
  color: #405530;

/* visited link */
a:visited {
  color: #353F01;

/* hover over link */
a:hover {
  color: #B1FF79;

/* selected link */
a:active {
  color: #7B9569;


Pseudo-elements let you style particular portions of an element, like the first letter or the text that follows an element. Put two colons after the selection and then the name of the pseudo-element to utilize it. The following are examples of typical pseudo-elements ::before, ::after, ::first-letter, and ::first-line.

p::first-line {
  color: #000000;


Combinators let you choose elements based on how they relate to one another. In CSS, there are four distinct types of combinators:

  • Descendant selector (space): It chooses an element that is a child of another element. For instance:

      div p { 
          color: #000000;

    The code above chooses all p elements that are div elements' descendant.

  • Child selector (>): It chooses an element that is a direct offspring of another element. For example:

      ul > li { 
          list-style-type: none;  

    This chooses every li element that directly descends from a ul element.

  • Adjacent sibling selector (+): It chooses the element that follows another element in the order it appears. As an illustration:

      h3 + p { 
          color: #ffffff;

    This chooses every p element that follows an h3 element.

  • General sibling selector (~): It picks every element that follows another element. For instance:

      h2 ~ p { 
          color: #ffffff;

    This chooses every p element that follows an h2 element.

:not() Selector

To choose elements that don't match a particular selector, use the :not() selector. For instance, the following code would be used to pick all div components that do not have the class "section":

div:not(.section) {
    color: #444444;

In conclusion, advanced CSS selectors provide you with greater control over the appearance and feel of your website; by enabling you to pick and design HTML elements in more sophisticated ways. You can develop intricate styles that are customized to your unique requirements by utilizing attribute selectors, pseudo-classes, pseudo-elements, combinators, and the :not() selector.